CONTENT
of the Fourth
The subtitle: Fundamentals
of heat transfer in the workpieces
CONTENT | 3 | |
INTRODUCTION | 7 | |
Chapter 15 | THE MAIN PURPOSES and TECHNOLOGICAL TASKS of THERMAL PHYSICS of the WELDING PROCESSES and RELATED TECHNOLOGIES | 12 |
15.1 | Major development trends of welding technological thermal physics | 17 |
15.1.1. | Heat checking of manufacturing processes | 17 |
15.1.2. | Optimization of temperature fields during heat treatment | 19 |
15.1.3. | Urgency of mathematical modeling of heat transfer at welding and related processes | 22 |
15.1.4. | Creation the software for problem solving for welding technological thermal physics | 27 |
15.1.5. | Computer Aided Systems for simulation of thermal processes | 38 |
15.1.6. | Stresses and strains at welding and their links with temperature fields and different problems of welding production | 46 |
15.2. | Main principles of mathematical models design for processes of heat trans-fer in the workpieces to be welded | 51 |
15.3. | Features and areas of usage of thermal physics of welding processes | 55 |
15.3.1. | Areas of application of thermal mathematical modeling of welding technologies | 56 |
15.3.2. | Practical using of computational technological thermal physics | 57 |
15.4. | Development of thermal fundamentals of welding: the milestones | 65 |
Chapter 16 | TEMPERATURE FIELDS AT WELDING, its PROPERTIES and METHODS of mathematical MODELING | 69 |
16.1. | The types of heat transfer at welding and related manufacturing processes | 69 |
16.2. | Basic characteristics of a temperature field | 78 |
16.3. | The gradient of temperature and the heat flow | 78 |
16.4. | Fourier's Law of thermal conductivity | 82 |
16.5. | Performance of a temperature field. The Vector Stream and the Divergence | 84 |
16.6. | The heat conduction differential equation | 87 |
16.7. | The special conditions of heat transfer | 93 |
16.8. | Classification of different types of heat conductivity differential equations | 96 |
16.9. | Differential equations, related equation thermal conductivities | 100 |
16.10. | Conditions of uniqueness and mathematical posing of boundary value problems of a transient heat conduction. Boundary and initial conditions | 104 |
16.11. | Surface heat transfer, its aspects and main calculate proportions | 109 |
16.12. | Dependence of materials thermal properties of on temperatures | 113 |
16.13. | Taking into account the phase changes for mathematical modeling of temperature fields | 120 |
16.14. | Solution methods for the differential heat conduction equation | 126 |
16.14.1. | Methods of calculus variations for mathematical modeling of heat transfer | 140 |
16.14.2. | Variables separation method for restricted regions with heat sources | 154 |
16.14.3. | Method of variables separation for unlimited regions. The fundamental solutions of the equation of thermal conductivity | 161 |
16.14.3.1. | Temperature smoothing in the rod of finite length | 175 |
16.14.3.2. | Transient temperature field in the rectangular plate | 178 |
16.14.3.3. | Applying separation variables method for temperature fields with moving heat sources | 186 |
16.14.3.4. | Method of variables separation, its generalizing and further development | 191 |
16.15. | The power sources for fusion welding and their performance | 194 |
16.16. | Features of mathematical modeling of heat processes and principles of choice for the calculate schemes | 198 |
16.17. | Idealization of calculate schemes of welding heat sources and bodies to be heated | 204 |
16.17.1. | Idealization of bodies to be heated during fusion welding | 204 |
16.17.2. | Idealization of heat sources applied at fusion welding | 210 |
Chapter 17 | SOLUTION METHODS of the DIFFERENTIAL HEAT CONDUCTION EQUATION FOR MATHEMATICAL MODELING of WELDING TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS | 214 |
17.1. | The method of sources and its main possibilities for a solution of the differential heat conduction equation | 214 |
17.1.1. | Applying the principle of superposition for moving concentrated and spatially distributed heat sources | 222 |
17.1.2. | Heating the semi-infinite body by moving point heat source | 231 |
17.1.3. | Heating the semi-infinite body by a moving linear heat source of finite width | 239 |
17.1.4. | Heating the semi-infinite body by the moving ring-type heat source | 246 |
17.1.5. | Applying the method of sources for mathematical modeling of heating the semi-infinite body by surface distributed heat sources | 250 |
17.1.6. | Heating a semi-infinite body by a source with an uniform distribution of heat flow on a rectangular area | 251 |
17.2. | The method of integral transforms and its applying for a solution of a dif-ferential heat conductivity equation | 261 |
17.2.1. | Basic stages of integral transforms for solution of the differential heat conductivity equation | 264 |
17.2.2. | Delta-function of Dirac and its usage at problem solving of thermal conductivity by the method of integral transforms | 273 |
17.2.3. | Fixed temperature field in a unlimited band with a concentrated heat source | 286 |
17.2.4. | Problems solving of thermal conductivity for transient temperature fields | 289 |
17.3. | The method of Greene functions for problem solving of thermal conductivity | 300 |
17.4. | Methods of physical and analogue simulation of temperature fields | 326 |
17.4.1. | Common analogies between the physical fields | 328 |
17.4.2. | The electric analogies of the physical fields | 332 |
17.4.3. | The modeling circuits (grid electrical models) | 347 |
17.4.4. | Applying the electric simulation of temperature fields at arc welding and building-up | 356 |
17.5. | Applying methods of the similarity theory of and the dimensional analysis | 379 |
17.5.1. | Theory of similarity and dimensional analysis in a technological thermal physics | 381 |
17.5.2 | Main criteria of the theory of similarity in heat transfer and thermal technique | 388 |
Chapter 18 | Effect of OPERATING PERIODICITY of WELDING HEAT SOURCE on TYPE and FEATURES of a thermal FIELD in workpieces to be welded | 403 |
18.1. | Temperature fields of sources moving on curvilinear pathways | 404 |
18.1.1. | Affecting oscillations of a welding heat source on the temperature field of a welded workpiece | 418 |
18.1.2. | Temperature field at welding with electrode oscillations for workpieces with large thickness of metal | 454 |
18.2. | Influencing an alternation of power of welding heat source on the temperature field | 459 |
18.2.1. | Calculation of temperature fields at pulse arc welding | 454 |
18.3. | Mathematical models of temperature fields at welding by heat sources with changing power | 481 |
THE BIBLIOGRAPHIC LIST | 508 | |
Addendum 1 | List of the abbreviations | 544 |
Addendum 2 | Lists of main conventional nomenclatures | 545 |
This monograph is written in Russian language